Tommie Smith Biography, Life, Interesting Facts
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Early Life And Education
Tommie Smith was born on 6th June 1944, to Richard and Dora Smith. He was born in Clarksville, Texas, one of 12 children in the Smith family.
Tommie Smith’s family moved to California, and he attended Lemoore High School in Lemoore. Despite a serious bout of pneumonia when he was a child, Tommie Smith became an exceptional athlete in high school. He excelled in basketball, football, and track and field. Smith set most of the records for the school in their track and field events, and many of those records still stand today.
The achievements he accomplished in high school, earned Tommie Smith a scholarship into San Jose State University, where he began in 1963. In May 1966, Tommie Smith ran a world-best time of 19.5 seconds for the 200 meter straight. The record was held for 44 years.
A few days later, in June 1966, Tommie Smith set another record for the 200 meters around a turn. Six days after that, he won the NCAA Men’s Outdoor Track and Field Championship. He won two national titles in 1967 and then headed off to Japan for the 1967 Summer Universiade where he won the gold medal for the 200 m. He won the AAU national title again in 1968, which cemented his place on the 1968 United States Olympic team. Tommie Smith graduated from San Jose State University with a social sciences degree.
Olympic Games, Politics, And Controversy
John Carlos was a track and field teammate of Smith at university. Leading up to the Olympic trials, Carlos ran a 19.92 in the same race as Tommie Smith, beating both Tommie Smith and his world record. Carlos, however, was wearing brush spike shoes at the time, so his record was not allowed. The 1968 Summer Olympics were held in Mexico. Although injured, Tommie Smith won the race. Peter Norman, from Australia, came second, and Carlos ran third.
Tommie Smith and Carlos were both members of the Olympic Project for Human Rights. The 1968 Olympics were at a time when apartheid in South Africa was in the news, and also racial segregation in the United States was still a huge issue. When Tommie Smith and Carlos received their medals, they each had a black glove on and raised their fists in a salute to show solidarity with people fighting these racial issues. Norman, from Australia, also wore an OPHR badge to show solidarity and was severely criticized by his country. The crowd booed the gesture, and Tommie Smith and Carlos were forced to leave the Games.
Although Tommie Smith was wanting certain conditions to be met by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), when they weren’t, Smith and Carlos decided they would wear the gloves, go barefoot, and wear OPHR badges. Some people, along with the IOC president, Avery Brundage, didn’t think the Olympic Games were the correct forum to make a political statement. Tommie Smith and Carlos were suspended from the American team. They got in trouble back home and faced financial hardship after their suspension. At the time, it only seemed to be the authorities in the U.S. that had an issue with their actions.
Tommie Smith joined the Cincinnati Bengals in the NFL for three years, and then went to Goddard College, where he graduated from with a Masters in sociology. Shortly after, he joined the faculty at Oberlin College and taught as a sociology professor, and also a track coach. From there, he went to Santa Monica College, into a similar role, and stayed there for 27 years, until he retired in 2005.
In 2006, Tommie Smith and Carlos were pallbearers at the funeral of Norman, in Melbourne, Australia.
Tommie Smith published his autobiography in 2007, called Silent Gesture. In 2008 Tommy Smith, along with Carlos, accepted the Arthur Ashe Award for Courage in relation to their famous salute.
Awards And Honors
Among numerous awards and honors for Tommie Smith, were the following:
1968: Olympic Gold Medal – Men’s 200 meters
1978: National Track & Field Hall of Fame
2005: San Jose State University – Honorary Doctorate
A statue of Tommie Smith and Carlos was unveiled in 2005 and stands on the campus of San Jose State University. Norman requested his position on the silver medal podium be left vacant. He did this so that people visiting the statue could pose for photos, and stand as Norman had stood, with Smith and Carlos, in solidarity.