Alexander Lukashenko Biography, Life, Interesting Facts
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Alexander Lukashenko was the first president of the country Belarus. His leadership has been scrutinized as a dictatorship.
Childhood And Early Life
Alexander Lukashenko was born on August 30, 1954, in Kopys, Belarus, Soviet Union. His parents never married, so his father was rarely around as he grew up.
This affected him socially with his peers in school. He was athletic training for cross-country races. He also enjoys skiing and ice hockey.
Alexander Lukashenko was very familiar in the ideology of Vladimir Lenin and dedicated himself to it. He initially wanted to be a political teacher, so he attended Mogilev Pedagogical Institute.
Alexander Lukashenko graduated in 1975. Later he graduated from the Belarusian Agricultural Academy in 1985.
After he graduated from Mogiley, he served in the Soviet Border Guard for two years as a political instructor. Later he served in the Soviet Army for another two years from 1980 to 1982.
Started political leadership in the Communist Youth Wing.
From 1977 to 1978, he was the secretary of the Komsomol committee of the food trade department of Mogilev. During this time, he was also the leader of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League chapter.
Then he was made the executive secretary of the Znaniye Association of Shklov. From that time on, he was a member of a state-owned agricultural farm to help make ends meet for his family. All of his hard work managing a construction materials plant and farm complex demonstrated his work ethics.
In 1990, Alexander Lukashenko was elected deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Belarus. As a member of parliament, he was the chairman of one of the anti-corruption committees.
Alexander Lukashenko was the only deputy in the parliament to vote against the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the establishment of the Commonwealth of Independent States in 1991. Lukashenko ran for election after the fall of the Soviet Union. He won in a second-round vote and was elected President of Belarus in 1994.
Alexander Lukashenko was able to maintain strict authority during the early transitional years. In 1996, he was about to be impeached for violating the Constitution. His referendum allowed him to have more power based on the amended constitution.
Alexander Lukashenko established a new parliament after the referendum which included members who were loyal to him. The impeachment petition was dismissed, but many countries do not recognize the current constitution and parliament.
Alexander Lukashenko has served as president for four terms, each time with a majority of over 75% of the votes in each election. Initially, he was supposed to serve a limit of two terms, but he held a referendum in 2004 eliminating term limits.
Personal Life And Legacy
Alexander Lukashenko married Galina Zhelnerovich in 1975. The couple has two children, but Lukashenko is suspected to have a son from an outside relationship. Both he and Galina are married, but they have lived separately since his presidency.
Despite his authoritarian style, Lukashenko has been able to bring Belarus away from its union to the Soviet state to a European power. His efforts have gone beyond the capabilities of other post-Soviet countries.
Awards And Achievements
• The international premium of Andrey Pervozvanny, 1995
• The Order of Jose Marti (Cuba), 2000
• Order of the Revolution, (Libya), 2000
• Gates of Olympus prize of the International Olympic Committee, 2000
• Honorary citizen of Yerevan, Armenia, 2001
• Honorary diploma of the Eurasian Economic Community, 2006
• Keys to the City of Caracas, Venezuela, 2010
• Order of Alexander Nevsky for civil service of high merit for twenty years or more, 2014
What makes Alexander Lukashenko stand out as a leader is his authoritarian style of leadership. He had been known to persecute those who spoke out against his government.
The United States and the European Union have imposed sanctions on Belarus for human rights violations since 2006. Also, he does not hold back on his opinions of people who are gay or lesbian. The same is true for Jews.
Summary Of Major Works
• President of Belarus (1994 - present)
Umaru Musa Yar'Adua
Hussain Muhammad Ershad