Henry Hobson Richardson Biography, Life, Interesting Facts
Childhood And Early Life
American architect Henry Hobson Richardson was born on the 29 September 1838.
Richardson studied engineering at Harvard University before switching to a career in architecture. Because no developmental degree courses were available in the United States at the time, Richardson moved to Paris. There he studied for a degree in design at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts (1860-1862).
Rise To Fame
When Richardson returned to the United States, he established an architectural practice in New York City. He won commissions almost immediately and began designing some iconic buildings. His style became known as Richardsonian Romanesque which describes the revival and alteration of Romanesque architecture that he created. This method included features of French, Spanish and Italian Romanesque design with rounded arches atop short, squat columns carved out of rusticated stone.
Richardson is acknowledged as the forerunner of American architects such as Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis Sullivan.
Richardson died at age 48 while at the peak of his career.
Various buildings Richardson designed include:
Old Colony Station (North Easton, Massachusetts: 1881)
Trinity Church (Boston, Massachusetts: 1877)
John J. Glessner House (Chicago, Illinois: 1886)
Thomas Crane Public Library (Quincy, Massachusetts: 1882)
New York State Asylum (Buffalo, New York: 1870)
Sever Hall at Harvard University (Cambridge, Massachusetts: 1884)
New York State Capitol (Albany, New York: 1899)
Allegheny County Courthouse (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: 1888)
Marshall Field’s Wholesale Store (Chicago, Illinois: 1885)
Warder Mansion (Washington, D.C.: 1886)
Richardson married Julia Gorham Hayden in January 1867. The couple had six children.
Richard Alan Meier
Andrea dal Pozzo
Frederick Law Olmsted