Otto Perez Molina Biography, Life, Interesting Facts
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Otto Perez Molina was born on December 1, 1950, in Guatemala City, Guatemala.
In the late 1960’s, Otto Perez Molina attended the Guatemala National Military Academy. He graduated from the school in 1969. Afterward, he attended the Inter-American Defense College.
The Guatemalan Civil war began in 1960 and went on until 1996. Otto Perez Molina joined the Guatemalan Army to fight in this war, around the time the war was halfway over. In the army, he worked in the special forces division.
He supported the coup against Efrain Rios Montt, who was a cruel dictator of Guatemala from 1982 to 1983. Later on in the war, from 1992 to 1993, he worked as a D-2 Directorate of Intelligence. In this job, Otto Perez Molina was helping to obtain information from the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (GRNG). He proved to be great at his job, and he was promoted to Chief of Military Intelligence in 1993. Later that same year he was promoted again to Presidential Chief of Staff. He worked in this position until 1995. In 1996, when the Civil War was coming to an end, he was one of the main people who helped with the Peace Accords.
After the Civil War, Otto Perez Molina served on the Inter-American Defence Board. Also after the war, the GRNG was disbanded as a hostile military unit. However, it did reform later as a political party. Perez Molina retired from the defense board and the military in 2000.
Unhappy with some of Guatemala’s other political parties, Otto Perez Molina founded his political party: the Patriotic Part of Guatemala, in 2001. The party is somewhat conservative but tries to stay somewhat moderate as well. As a result, it is more or less a conservative party, but it is not as conservative as many of Guatemala’s other political parties. In 2003 he was elected to the Congress of Guatemala. He first ran for president of Guatemala in 2007, but he lost the election to Alvaro Colom. He did not lose by much, and his campaign helped to draw attention to him. He ran again in 2011 when Colom’s term was over. Perez Molina was elected the president of Guatemala in 2012.
As president, Otto Perez Molina set in motion several programs to make Guatemala safer and healthier. One of his programs, the Zero Hunger Program, has a goal of feeding the poor in the country, as malnutrition and starvation are serious problems in the country. The program has done some good already, but critics of the program say it needs more funding to help the poor in Guatemala truly. As far as safety is concerned, the homicide rate has also dropped since Perez Molina has been in office. Tourism, investments from other countries, and general security are up since he has been in office as well.
However, in 2015, Otto Perez Molina was found to a part of a corruption ring that was taking bribes and tampering with tariffs. He was forced to resign from the presidency in the same year. He was later sent to the Matamoros Prison in Guatemala City. Perez Molina’s vice president, Alejandro Maldonado Aguirre, took over after his arrest.
Awards And Accomplishments
Otto Perez Molina was awarded the BRAVO Business Award for Leader of the Year in 2013.
Otto Perez Molina married Rosa Maria Leal. The couple has two children together: Lissette Perez and Otto Perez Leal. Otto Perez Leal is now all grown up and is also involved in politics, like his father.
More People From Guatemala
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Miguel Angel Asturias
Juan Jose Arevalo
Efrain Rios Montt