George H. Hitchings Biography, Life, Interesting Facts
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Early Life And Education
George Herbert Hitchings was born 18th April 1905, to George Sr. and Lillian Hitchings. He was born in Hoquiam, Washington, in the United States. His father was a marine architect and shipbuilder, who died when George Herbert Hitchings was 12 years old. His father’s death had a profound impact on him, and it was due to this that Hitchings developed his interest in medicine.
George Herbert Hitchings went to Franklin High School in Seattle, followed by the University of Washington. He graduated in 1927 with his degree in chemistry. During the summer he worked for the University at their biological station on San Juan Island. He completed his thesis based on the work he did over summer and graduated with his Master’s Degree in 1928.
George Herbert Hitchings then went to Harvard University. He was a teaching fellow but then went to Harvard Medical School, where he was awarded his Ph.D. in 1933. This was followed by the offer of a fellowship to do more graduate work with the Mayo Foundation. Harvard also offered a fellowship, and it was the Harvard one that Hitchings accepted.
In 1942, George Herbert Hitchings began work at the Wellcome Research Laboratories, based in New York. In 1944, he began to work with Gertrude Elion. As a team, they worked on drugs to treat leukemia, malaria, gout and organ transplants. Their research led to significant antiviral drugs to treat AIDS and herpes.
In the mid-1940s they were focused on a process for an effective chemotherapy cure for viral infections. By the late 1940s, they began an association with the Sloan Kettering Institute, which provided funding for them to research antitumor agents.
In 1967, George Herbert Hitchings was appointed Vic President in Charge of Research at Burroughs-Wellcome, and he became Scientist Emeritus in 1976.
From 1970 to 1985, he was also Adjunct Professor of Pharmacology and Experimental Medicine at Duke University.
George Herbert Hitchings and his team introduced chemotherapy to the world. This early work led the way for further development of chemotherapy that would be used in the treatment of cancer.
Awards And Honors
George Herbert Hitchings received numerous awards and honors, some of which include:
1968: Gairdner Foundation International Award
1974: Elected Foreign Member of the Royal Society
1988: Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
George Herbert Hitchings married Beverly Reimer in 1933. The couple had two children. Reimer died in 1985.
George Herbert Hitchings’ second marriage was to Joyce Shaver.
George Herbert Hitchings was appointed Director of the Burroughs-Wellcome Fund in 1968, and President of the same Fund in 1971. The Fund supports biomedical research.
George Herbert Hitchings established the Greater Triangle Community Foundation in 1983 and served as its director for the rest of his life.
Otto Heinrich Warburg
Johannes Peter Müller