Ragnar Granit Biography, Life, Interesting Facts
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Childhood And Early Life
Ragnar Granit was born on the 30 October 1900 in Finland to Arthur Grant and Albertina Malmberg. His family hailed from the island of Korpo which lies in the Baltic between Finland and Sweden
His father’s work took the family to Helsingfors and Granit was enrolled at the Swedish Normallyceum. After graduating from his school, he began studying at Helsingfors University in 1919 where he studied experimental psychology as well as medicine. He became an assistant at the Physiological Institute in 1926 while at the same time continuing with his studies, obtaining his medical degree in 1927 and his doctor of physiology in 1929.
Rise To Fame
He worked at Charles Sherrington’s laboratory at Oxford for six months in 1928. Then between 1929 and 1931, he was a Fellow in Medical Physics at the Johnson Foundation at the University of Pennsylvania working with Dr. D, W. Bronk. Granit returned to Oxford as a Fellow the Rockefeller Foundation and worked there between 1932 and 1933.
Granit was then offered the chair of physiology in Helsingfors and started working there in 1935; his professorship formalized in 1937. At the same time, he was the district physician for three Swedish speaking islands in Korpo, Houtskar, and Inio.
Granit was offered two positions in 1940. One with the Royal Caroline Institute of Stockholm and another with Harvard University. He opted for the Royal Caroline Institute, and by 1945 the laboratory was a department of the Medical Nobel Institute. In 1946, the Minister of Education instigated a research Chair in Neurophysiology for Granit.
Awards And Achievements
He was awarded numerous honorary degrees and won many awards including the Nobel Prize, the Hans Cronstedt Prize (1926), the Jubilee Medal of the Swedish Society of Physicians (1947), the Anders Retzius Gold Medal Stockholm (1957), the Sherrington Memorial Gold Medal (1967) and the Purkinje Gold Medal 1969.
As a young man, he won the Cross of Freedom IV CI for his participation in Finland’s 1918 War of Liberation.
In 1929 Granit married Marguerite Emma Brunn. The couple had one child, a son Michael.
Granit retired as Professor Emeritus in 1967 and died on the 12 March 1991.
Otto Heinrich Warburg
David H. Hubel
Charles Scott Sherrington