# Wolfgang Pauli Biography, Life, Interesting Facts

**Wolfgang Pauli **was a **theoretical physicist.** The work that he did on the Pauli Principle earned him a **Nobel Prize.**

## Childhood And Early Life

**Wolfgang Pauli **was born on **April 25, 1900**, in **Vienna, Austria**. His father Wolfgang **Joseph Pauli **was a **chemist by trade**.

## Education

**Wolfgang Pauli** attended Doeblinger-**Gymnasium in Vienna.** **Wolfgang Pauli** graduated from that secondary school in 1918 with honors. He went to Ludwig-Maximillians University in Munich. **Wolfgang Pauli** earned his doctorate** in theoretical physics** in 1921.

## Career

**Wolfgang Pauli **worked with **notable scientists** and **mathematicians** with experience in quantum physics after he graduated from university. **Wolfgang Pauli** first worked at the **University of Goettingen.** The year that he spent there was spent as the assistant to **German physicist** and **mathematician** **Max Born.**

**Wolfgang Pauli **also worked for **Wilhelm Lenz,** the inventor of the Ising model. They worked together at the University of Hamburg in 1922. After that, **Wolfgang Pauli** worked at the Institute for Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen.

**Wolfgang Pauli** was **instrumental** in the development of the **modern theory of quantum** **mechanics. ** This was during this time he was a lecturer at the University of Hamburg from 1923 to 1928. His **Exclusion Principle was formulated i**n 1925.

This principle states that no **two electrons** could exist in the **same quantum state.** In 1927, **Wolfgang Pauli** proved the **non-relativistic theory of spin** with the **Pauli matrices.**

**Wolfgang Pauli** was a professor at many notable schools of higher learning in Europe and North America. **Wolfgang Pauli** was the **Professor of Theoretical Physics **at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Switzerland in 1928.

While residing in the **United States,** **Wolfgang Pauli** was a professor at both **the University of Michigan and Princeton.** When **Wolfgang Pauli** returned to Switzerland in 1946, **Wolfgang Pauli** returned to the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. His research and contributions led to the **Pauli-Villars regularization. ** This mathematical formula was important to quantum physics theories as it changed **infinite values to finite numbers**.

## Personal Life And Legacy

During **World War II,** **Wolfgang Pauli **immigrated to the United States. While he was serving as professor, he became a **naturalized citizen** in 1946.

**Wolfgang Pauli **was married twice. **Wolfgang Pauli** first married **dancer Kaethe Margarethe Deppner** in 1929. They were divorced by the next year. In 1934, **Wolfgang Pauli** married **Franziska Bertram.** **Wolfgang Pauli** had no children. **Wolfgang Pauli** died on December 15, 1958, at the **age of 58.**

While **Wolfgang Pauli**'**s** work and research made **great advances** in the** science of quantum physics,** he had another** non-scientific term **named after him.

**Wolfgang Pauli** was a **perfectionist** and preferred to do a** lot of the work on his own. **However, the **Pauli Effect** was born when there were many times in which items broke, or t**echnical problems **occurred only when he was around.

## Awards And Achievements

• Lorentz Medal, 1931

• Nobel Prize in Physics, 1945

• Nominated for Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1945

• Matteucci Medal, 1956

• Max Planck Medal, 1958

## Summary Of Major Works

• The Exclusion Principle, 1925

• The existence of neutral particles, or neutrinos, 1930

• The spin-statistics theorem, 1940

• The Pauli-Villars regularization, 1949