Adrien-Marie Legendre Biography, Life, Interesting Facts


Adrien-Marie Legendre

Birthday :

September 18, 1752

Died On :

January 10, 1833

Birth Place :

Paris, France

Zodiac Sign :


Adrien Marie Legendre was born on September 18, 1752. He was a French mathematician. He contributed a lot to the field of mathematics. He researched areas such as elliptic functions, number theory, calculus and gravitational attractions among so many other branches of mathematics. He developed the least squares method and also gave the concept of Legendre transformation.

Early life

Adrien Marie Legendre was born on September 18, 1752, in Paris, France. He was born into a wealthy family. He attended College Mazarin where he studied physics and mathematics. At college, he won accolades for challenging his thesis on physics and mathematics. He studied mathematics under mathematician Abbe Joseph Francois Marie.


In 1775, Adrien Marie Legendre became a faculty for mathematics at the Ecole Militaire, Paris alongside Pierre Simon Laplace. In 1783, he became a member of the French Academy of Sciences after his research on gravitational attraction of elliptic bodies. In 1786, he came up with his most famous work ‘Treatise on Elliptic Functions’. In the same year, he worked on calculus majoring mostly on the procedures of Maxima and Minima.

In 1787, Adrien Marie Legendre worked in a Paris Observatory team. The team worked along with Royal Greenwich Observatory for studying geodetic measurements. He contributed to mathematics by developing the metric system, the standard metre and logarithmic and trigonometric tables. In 1799, he became an examiner for mathematics for artillery graduates at Ecole Militaire. He was later appointed in the mathematics section of the French Academy of Sciences which was closed during the French Revolution and reopened in 1795.

In 1806, Adrien Marie Legendre published the book titled ‘New Methods for the Determination of Comet Orbits’ which was about the methodology of least squares. In 1830, he published ‘Theorie des nombres’ which was all about number theory and the law of quadratic reciprocity.

Awards and achievements

In 1789, Adrien Marie Legendre became a member of the British Royal Society. In 1831, he became the Officer of the Legion d’ Honneur. In 1832, he became the Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Personal life

In 1793, Adrien Marie Legendre married Marguerite Claudine. He died on January 10, 1833, after a long illness in Paris, France. He died at the age of eighty one.

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