Nikolay Basov Biography, Life, Interesting Facts


Nikolay Basov

Birthday :

December 14, 1922

Died On :

July 3, 2001

Birth Place :

Usman, Lipetsk-Oblast, Russia

Zodiac Sign :


Most people love science because it’s defined as a breathtaking subject, but an individual needs extra motivation to fathom further. It’s not easy to describe the actual size of the universe or moon landings. But Nikolay Basov proved us wrong when he introduced tremendous achievements that entailed extensive technical guidance. He took the time to investigate and research how various radiations work including the laser and maser. He is still regarded as one of the most advanced physicists and educator that the world had. His work made him garner a Nobel Prize in Physics

Nikolay Personality

Nikolay Basov was famously known as a generous and sociable individual. Even though he seemed to take advantage of his proactive nature, he also had more time to encourage others. Nothing gave him more satisfaction than the knowledge that he shared with his friends. Throughout his career, he was defined by progress and activity which acted as his driving force. He hated to explore more, but he loved to keep up with his progress.

Nikolay Basov possessed an excellent organizational skill that allowed him to face every single thing with determination and curiosity in between. Nothing gave him full potential than the quest for greatness, and that’s what he left in the end.


Childhood and Early Life

On December 4, 1922, Nikolay Basov was first seen in the world in a medium sized town of Usman, Russia. He was born to Zinaida Molchanova and Gennady Fedorovich. His protective father worked as a fervent professor at Voronezh Forest Institute. At his tender age, Basov self-trained himself at his father’s workplace.

It was in 1941 that Nikolay Basov completed his secondary education where he opted to try his luck at a nearby military base. It was here that he was given a chance to join the army at Kuibyshev Military Medical Academy. Early in 1943 at 21 years old Basov participated in the WWII. He was then pleaded from his military duty in 1945 when he joined the Moscow Institute of Physical Engineers. It was here that he majored in Physical Engineering and graduated in 1950.

From 1950 to 1953, Nikolay Basov went to serve as a first-degree holder student at the Moscow Institute of Physical Engineers. At the same time, he attained a professional position at the same institute. Besides, he held another position at the Academy of Science under Professor A.M Prochorov.


Early Career

In the mid of 1952, Nikolay Basov started to work professionally in quantum radiophysics department. It was here that he tried to come up with new electromotive forces or electric currents. In the mid of 1950s, he justified his side of view by defending his well-written dissertation that he delivered to Candidate of Science degree. In 1956 Basov gave his second dissertation titled A Molecular Oscillator to the Doctor of Sciences degree. He took the time to summarize his theoretical work that defined wave-atom duality and a digital signal of energy (quantization).

Early in 1955, Nikolay Basov collaborated with different pupils where he came up with an active group to investigate the mode of signal range. As one team, they partnered together to study the state of the oscillator frequency. His team took the time to inquire into the production of slow-paced molecules as well as velocity modulation.

In 1957 Nikolay took more time to design as well as to construct a quantum oscillator in a high range. The following year, he partnered with Yu.M Popov and B.M Vul where they conducted essential electronic components such as circuits and capacitors. After four years, Nikolay defined his research with direct and indirect transitions. As a result, he came up with an electronic circuit called a laser in 1963.

Also, Nikolay Basov began to develop a more powerful laser that is famously known as high-power ND-glass laser system. The same year he started another research in the field of optoelectronics; the use of light and electronics. The study instituted the emission of electromagnetic waves with the help of intense electron beam. With the aid of other physicists, Basov created a broad range of electric elements in 1967. It was after three years that he produced an output beam with the help of Ultraviolet Rays or electromagnetic radiation.


Later Career

In spite of his significant discoveries, Nikolay Basov found himself investigating another field called Chemical Laser. According to sources, it is defined as continuous energy that is usually obtained from a chemical reaction. His fame knocked when he combined a mixture of nuclear reactors such as deuterium, CO2, and F at a high level. Early in 1970, Basov discovered an Elion experiment that merely defines the process of electric pumping. It is in the same process that he used compressed gasses.

Aside from his early inventions, Basov also got a chance to work in countable educational positions. From 1972 to 1988 he served as the director of Lebedev Physical Institute as well as Moscow Engineering Physics Institute.


Personal Life and Legacy

From 1950 to 2000 Nikolay Basov received several honors and recognition. Some of the notable ones include the coveted Lenin Prize, Nobel Prize in Physics and Hero of Socialist Labour Award. He was also appointed as a member of USSR Academy of Science in 1966. He also served as the acting President and Member of International Academy of Science in Munich.

In 1950 Nikolay Basov married the love of his life, Ksenia Basova, a physicist. Two sons arrived at his household; Dmitry and Gennady. At 78 years of age, Nikolay passed on in the mid of 2001 in Russia.

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