Manne Siegbahn Biography, Life, Interesting Facts
Died On :
Birth Place :
Örebro, Närke, Sweden
In 1924 Manne Siegbahn garnered a Nobel Prize in Physics, all thanks to his notable discovery called X-Ray Analysis or X-ray spectroscopy. He first realized his career at 25 years of age when he was serving as a tutor at the University of Lund. It was there that he invited several works including the X-ray emission spectra and individual groups of electromagnetic waves. It was under his counsel that tons of youngsters learned one thing or two in regards to the study of physics. Let’s see how his archival and commentary findings came to help the world and beyond.
Childhood And Early Life
On 3rd, December 1886 Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn was first seen in the world in Orebro city, Sweden. His protective father, Nils Reinhold Siegbahn served as a station master at Orebro. His mother was called Emma Sofia Mathilda Zetterberg. At a tender age, Manne joined Hogre Allmanna Reallaroverker Secondary School. He then joined the University of Lund where he received his degree in 1908.He followed it up with a certificate of competence in 1910 as well as a doctorate in 1911.Before serving as an Assistant Professor for J.R Rydberg, Manne wrote his first thesis that was titled Magnetische Feldmessung. It comprised of the study and analysis of the magnetic field.
It was unusual that Manne Siegbahn went to spend some alone time in Berlin and Paris around the 1910s.Probably he wanted to free away from all of the ‘book-warming’ pseudonyms. It was after some time that he was appointed as a lecturer at the University of Lund in 1914.During his service, he came up with his group of research. Without further ado, he started to work on his study of X-ray spectroscopy. The following year, he was appointed as the Deputy Professor of Physics from the said varsity.
After a period of one to two years, Manne Siegbahn created his discovery where he came up with emission of wavelengths called M series. In 1920 Siegbahn was appointed as the leading Professor of University of Lund. After three years he went to work at the University of Uppsala where he continued with his discoveries.
While still at the varsity of Uppsala, Manne Siegbahn didn’t let go of his first research. In 1924 with the help of his team, they established and X-ray type of light that passed translucently through solid glass. This paved the way for a scientific study in Physics called electromagnetic radiation.
After developing a comprehensive array of wavelengths, Manne Siegbahn came up with a combined named that precisely defined spectral lines. It was none other than The Siegbahn notation that he began to introduce in his line of work.
For a year, he traveled to the USA under the Rockefeller Foundation. There he worked with different Universities including Pasadena, Chicago, Yale, Harvard, and Montreal. In 1937 he got a seat as a leading Researcher at the University of Stockholm. In the mid of the same year, he was selected to chair as the first Director of the Noble Institute of Physics in Stockholm.
While still working as the Professor of Physics, Manne Siegbahn furthered his X-ray spectroscopy research. Simultaneously, he introduced other studies such as nuclear physics that helped to come up with discoveries. Lots of students gained a broad range of information including the study of radioactive properties and the atomic nucleus.
By the end of the WWII, Manne had already traveled to different countries like Boston and Columbia. It was during this time that he continued to work on his nuclear study and research. In 1964 he announced his retirement as the Professor of Experimental Physics. Although he seemed to have diversified in more than one field, Manne was mostly known for his significant discovery on X-ray spectroscopy. This paved the way for new skills such as increasing the precision of measurements.
Personal Life And Achievements
From 1924 to 1954 Manne Siegbahn received notable recognitions and awards. Some of the notable ones include the Nobel Prize in Physics, Rumford Medal, Hughes Medal, and Duddel Medal. In 1914 he tied a nuptial knot with Karin Hogbom with whom he had two children. Manne Siegbahn breathed his last in 1978 at 91 years of age. In his honor, a stamp was issued in 1995 by Guyana. The Nobel Institute of Physics was also named as Manne Siegbahn Institute in 1988.
Robert S. Mulliken
Alan Lloyd Hodgkin