Guy De Maupassant Biography, Life, Interesting Facts


Guy De Maupassant

Birthday :

August 5, 1850

Died On :

July 6, 1893

Also Known For :

Novelist, Short Story Writer

Birth Place :

Tourville-sur-Arques, Seine-Maritime, France

Zodiac Sign :


Early Life

Guy de Maupassant grew up in the quiet of the sprawling meadows of Normandy. Although the Maupassant household was noble, and Guy’s father didn’t have to work, they weren’t beyond hidden flaws. His mother’s account shows that her son was born in the native winery. This was later found false when academics discovered his birth certificate. At university Maupassant was a decent scholar and in 1869 he started to study law in Paris. On the other hand, at 20, he had left his studies to work in the military throughout the Franco Prussian War. His letters from the field confirmed to his parents an ability for writing and storytelling.

At 11, his mother parted ways from his father. He survived under the care of his mother. He was very zealous towards his mother, who was an educated woman with a desire for traditional literature. At 13, he went to study traditional studies at the Yvetot seminary for a short-lived period. He later attended the Institution Leroy-Petit, in Rouen, a secluded school.

Maupassant started high school in the year 1867, befriending a French writer, Gustave Flaubert. The next year, he went to the Lycée Pierre-Corneille School, where he took part in theater and became ardent about poems.

When he turned 18, he rescued the life of writer Algernon Charles Swinburne, saving the latter from sinking off the shore of Etretat. After his completion of high school, he became a volunteer in the Franco-Prussian War.


Early Acclaim

His applauded short story, ‘Boule de Suif' was printed in 1880. This was the initial story that was concentrated on the Franco-Prussian War. His following short stories comprised of 'Deux Amis' as well as ‘Mother Savage.' Maupassant wrote 'La Maison Tellier', his first assortment of short stories in the year 1881. The subsequent year, his manuscript of short stories called, ‘Mademoiselle Fifi' was printed. By1883, he printed his book, ‘Une Vie,' which wholesaled more than 25,000 copies. The similar year, he published his short story called, ‘La Ficelle.'

His short story books ‘La mere Sauvage' and 'La Parure' was distributed in 1884. The subsequent year, his story, ‘Bel Ami’ was printed. It was about the story of a reporter in Paris. On February 17, 1884, his short story called, ‘La Parure' was distributed in the French paper entitled, 'Le Gaulois.' This story is one of his most famous works.

Maupassant published a horror short story called, ‘Le Horla' in 1887. The story was printed in the form of journal. The same year, he published a novella called, ‘Le Rosier de Madame Husson.' Amongst June as well as September 1887, he authored one his famous biologist stories, ‘Pierre et Jean.' The story comes below the realist category and was one of the shortest of his stories.

He also authored the short story called 'L'Inutile Beauté’ in 1890. The very same year, he published a novel called, ‘Notre Cœur.' He also authored a travel manuscript called, ‘La Vie errante.'


Common Attribution

Remembered as one of France's supreme short story authors, de Maupassant captured an 1880 masterwork titled "Boule de Suif" ("Butterball"). He further wrote several other widely held stories, comprising of "La Bete a Mait Belhomme" ("Belhomme's Beast"); "La Ficelle" ("The Piece of String"); as well as "Pierrot" ("Sparrow").

French author Guy de Maupassant is well-known for his short stories, which paint a captivating image of the French life during the 19th century. He was creative, printing over 300 short stories and six books. Unfortunately, he passed away at a young age due to physical and mental ill-health battles.


Other Notable Mentions

Maupassant was commonly known as the ‘Father of Modern Short Story’ writing. Guy de Maupassant was one of the highest French authors in the 19th century. His stories amazingly captured numerous aspects of the daily in France during that period. A lot of his stories were founded on the Franco-Prussian War and the lives of acquitted people who part of it. His inscription fitted to the field of naturalism.

He has printed more than 300 short stories, six stories, travel books as well as also a book of poetry. Some of his renowned works consist of, ‘Boule de Suif,' 'Pierre et Jean,' 'Bel Ami,' ‘La Parure,’ 'Deux Amis', 'Mother Savage,' as well as 'Mademoiselle Fifi.'

Rapidly after graduation, Maupassant assisted as a volunteer in the Franco-Prussian War, subsequently which he followed a career as a public servant occupied in the Navy Department as well as the Ministry of Public Instruction.

He also inscribed under numerous pen terms - Guy de Valmont as well as Joseph Prunier. Regrettably, in his 20s he started to suffer from syphilis, resulting in mental anguish and distress for the duration of his breathing years.



Guy de Maupassant was that infrequent being. He was an author who was fruitful in his own time, vastly widely held, wealthy and renowned by society. He never wedded and was buffeted by disease. He lived in unhappiness and passed away alone in a mental institution.

Maupassant always yearned to make literature his occupation, but the success of that determination ruined him. Although he was funny and astonished people, he was over delicate and often hopeless. He was, as his friend Emile Zola would say it, ‘the cheeriest and ill-fated of men.’ 

Beyond the glitz of his family, there were flaws. His father, Gustave, was a flirt. His father’s continuous flirtation led to his parents’ divorce while he was still young.

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